What types of anesthesia used ?
Basically, there are 3 types of anesthesia: local, locoregional and general. Only local anesthesia is used for a hair transplant and, in some cases, a slight sedation.
Is general anesthesia the same as sedation ?
No. The sedation that is used is very shallow and is simply applied so that the patient is calmer and more relaxed. In addition, the patient has a lower perception of the passage of time since the hair transplant is a long surgery and also minimizes the slight discomfort when applying local anesthesia.
Anesthesia for hair transplant : a synonym for tranquility
Among these protocols that have been adapted to the latest advances and improving more and more. It is made to ensure that the patient does not have pain and remains calm and relaxed. Especially without noticing unpleasant sensations during the intervention.
What do we do to make the surgery practically painless?
At the intraoperative level :
- Local anesthetic infiltrated to control discomfort or pain during surgery.
- Tumescent infiltration to “make a mattress” on the scalp that allows the follicular units to implant more easily.
- Anti-inflammatory to reduce as much as possible already intraoperatively the inflammation that is generated.
- Vasoconstrictors that reduce the slight bleeding that occurs.
- Application of local cold in the donor area to reduce inflammation and pain.
- A slight sedation allows the patient to be relaxed considering that it is an intervention that lasts several hours.
At the postoperative level :
- Antibiotic is prescribed in some specific cases and anti-inflammatory by oral only for 4 days.
What side effects does an anesthesia for hair transplant have ?
It does not have any kind of side effect. It is simply about controlling the pain, but it does not affect the hair at all. In principle, only those that present a history of allergy or hypersensitivity to anesthetics are at risk.
In any case, through the patient’s clinical history we always make sure to obtain the maximum information and in case of doubt, we consult with the team of anesthetists.
Do patients describe pain sensation during and/or after hair transplantation ?
After 3 or 4 days the patient usually only describes a slight loss of sensation in the scalp and itching, as the small incisions heal.
It is very important to explain to the patient the aesthetic limitations. This due to the appearance of small scabs according to the chosen technique.
Currently, in the control that we carry out 15 days after transplantation. Patients operated with the FUE technique, don’t report significant pain or discomfort during and after surgery. In addition, the patient mentions an excellent degree of intraoperative comfort with the protocol we have described.
As of today, the concern of feel pain during, and after the intervention, will disappear. The anesthesia and care we give our patients also do wonders !
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