To determine what treatment is the best for baldness, first of all, we need to understand what baldness is.
Baldness is a medical condition that affects both men and women and even children. This refers to baldness as hair loss, total or partial due to alopecia.
What are the causes of baldness?
The causes of baldness can be different, when is located in the front and upper area of the head, as called as male pattern baldness; for irregular hair loss we refer as alopecia areata; or if involve the entire head, we call it total alopecia.
In most cases the causes of alopecia are of genetic nature, where hair follicles in some areas of the head are overly sensitive to certain hormones.
Sometimes, the cause of baldness can be of a different nature, such as stress, poor diet and lack of vitamins. In these cases, we talk of temporary causes and it is not necessary to undergo particular treatments but is better a radical change of lifestyle.
What are the treatments for baldness?
Baldness can be treated in different ways, depending on the cause.
Subjecting on the type of alopecia, age and extent of hair loss, there are a variety of treatments available, basically two ways can be undertaken: oral administered medications and cosmetic surgery.
The main goal of oral drug is to slow down the hair loss and stimulate hair regrowth. These are more effective especially for patients with mild alopecia, which is less than 50% loss. As a rule, drugs based on Minoxidil or Finasteride are prescribed. However, these drugs cannot reverse or stop the process but only slow it down.
The only solution available today to restore someone’s image and thicken areas affected by baldness is hair transplant.
Cure for Baldness: Promises for the future
Several scientific studies are heading towards the development of a treatment for baldness based on stem cells.
Most of the therapies being tested with stem cells are based on the growth of new hair follicles in the laboratory, frequently through cloning. The process of hair transplantation through stem cells requires that small scalp samples are taken from the patient.
Subsequently, follicular units extracted for laboratory growth are used, which will then be used for hair transplantation.
Compared to a traditional hair graft, the difference is that not many bulbs are removed from the donor area, rather a limited number of follicles is taken, multiplied in the laboratory to satisfy the required percentage.
The grafting technique follows the same methodology as the other techniques, with the creation of channels and grafting, manual or robotic, takes into account both the size of the bulbs and the angle (40-45 degrees).
In conclusion, the treatment for baldness follows different channels and can therefore be multiple, but above all they vary from patient to patient. The only permanent and definitive solution is hair transplant.
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