The hair, skin, and nails of a person are excellent indicators of inner harmony – if the body is healthy, all systems work together, the state of health is excellent, then the curls look great, shine and grow rapidly. But if something happens in the body, it leads to diseases, which invariably affects the beauty of the head of hear. One of the most common causes of hair loss is thyroid disease.
What is the endocrine system?
In the human body, 12 vital systems operate simultaneously, which closely “cooperate” with each other. The violation in the work of at least one of them immediately affects the overall health indicators.
The endocrine system is the glands that produce hormones that are carried throughout the body by the circulatory system and enter all organs and tissues, penetrating inside each cell. A part of the endocrine cells forms the glands of internal secretion. The endocrine system affects the vital activity of the whole organism and participates in the basic metabolic processes.
Treatment and prevention of diseases of the thyroid gland are engaged in a doctor endocrinologist, whose annual visit is recommended even to healthy people with the goal of preventing diseases.
The thyroid gland is the most important component of the endocrine system and is responsible for the production of hormones that support homeostasis. In other words, thyroid hormones keep the balance of all body systems. Accordingly, if there is an imbalance of the hormonal background, then it hits hard on all systems, including this may be due to a strong hair loss.
Thyroid iodine-containing hormones are thyroxine and triiodothyronine. A persistent excess of the rate of such hormones is called thyrotoxicosis – an increase in thyroid function.
Calcitonin – responsible for the level of calcium and phosphorus in the blood. Significant excess hormone levels can indicate serious diseases, the symptoms of which can be hair loss. However, in pregnant and lactating women, the level of calcitonin can go beyond the norm.
In order to determine the level of hormones in the blood, you must pass the appropriate tests for the appointment of an endocrinologist.
Diseases caused by impaired thyroid function can occur at any age, regardless of sex. However, women after 35 are most at risk.
This is because the female body obeys certain biorhythms (menstruation, pregnancy, menopause) and regularly experiences hormonal “jumps”.
Thyroid disorders are caused by excessive or, conversely, inadequate production of iodine-containing hormones.
Therefore, thyroid diseases are divided into two groups:
Hypothyroidism – a decrease in thyroid function, a decrease in the level of hormones;
Hyperthyroidism – excessive activity of the thyroid gland, increase in the level of hormones.
Hair loss in women is directly associated with a violation of the thyroid gland.
Hair loss in hyperthyroidism
At abnormally high levels of thyroid hormones, iron increases in size, the patient experiences general weakness, weight loss, rapid heart rate, “vision” set. As for the hair, then almost always the disease is accompanied by a strong fall of ringlets throughout the head and the appearance of early gray hair.
This disease usually has an autoimmune origin, that is, its own immune system starts to be hostile to his own body, rejecting the tissue. Therefore, often with thyrotoxicosis begins hair loss. Some of these diseases include and Graves’ disease, in which the hair becomes brittle, dull, follicles are depleted and no longer play the new hairs. The absence of treatment can lead even to total alopecia. Do not resist the disease and eyelashes with eyebrows.
Elevated levels of thyroid hormones unacceptable uncontrolled use of iodine-containing formulations or with a high content of this material products. Treatment appoints only an endocrinologist based on the results of the tests.
Hair loss in hypothyroidism
With a decrease in thyroid function, the patient can also experience constant fatigue, there is an increase in body weight, fluid retention in the body, problems with the gastrointestinal tract, intolerance to cold.
Hormonal changes affect the life cycle of the hair, having a detrimental effect on their growth and development. With hypothyroidism, the hairline becomes thinner, the eyelashes and eyebrows begin to grow very slowly, the hair and skin also look unhealthy.
According to research, hair loss is due to the fact that during hormonal adjustment many hair follicles cannot go from the resting phase to the active growth phase due to the lack of normal metabolism in the cells. After a while, such a hibernation, the follicles simply stop developing. In addition, a slow metabolism leads to a lack of vitamins and trace elements, necessary for hair growth.
However, in problems with hair, it is not the hormones themselves that are to blame, but antithyroid drugs that are used in the therapy of hypothyroidism.
Treatment of hair loss with thyroid disease
If in addition to problems with hair, you observe other alarming symptoms, do not look for advice on forums or among friends – immediately consult a doctor and go through a medical examination.
Treatment of hair loss is carried out in parallel with the normalization of thyroid function. Otherwise, no positive results are expected. Therefore, properly observe all the appointments of the endocrinologist and trichologist.
Complex treatment and restoration of the hair cover include diet, scalp massage, taking medications and using special products that can be purchased at the pharmacy.
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