Explaining hair fall issues and their solutions
Daily hair fall is normal: the life cycle of each hair ends in a natural process of “withering away.” Therefore, a loss of 50-100 hairs per day is considered the norm. On the contrary, if your hairs never grow back, then you should be worried. When hair loss occurs, without proper attention the condition can worsen.
First of all, it is necessary to find the cause of your hair loss. Our hair is an indicator for the state of the body, and therefore a sharp reduction in the volume of hair – it’s a bell, signalling that health is not all right.
Why does hair fall out?
- Stress: This is one of the most common causes of baldness from which both men and women suffer. Stress can force hair into the resting phase (telogen stage) which causes hairs to fall out more easily. Thus, decreasing the density of your hair.
- Alopecia Areata: An autoimmune condition that attacks the hair follicle because your body thinks they are “foreign”. It doesn’t only affect hairs on your head, it also affects your eyebrows and eyelashes. This hair fall comes out in chunks and often displays as circular bald patches.
- Weak immune system: When your immune system is low, your body prioritises the health of the most vital organs. Alas, maintaining the beauty of hair is not the main focus. Therefore the hair follicles don’t receive sufficient nutrients.
- Nutrient-poor diet: Nutrient deficiencies (such as iron deficiency) can cause alopecia because the hair follicles aren’t receiving sufficient vitamins and proteins to form strong hair. In the case that a medical condition stops the ability for certain nutrient from being absorbed, hair fall can be an unfortunate side effect.
- Telogen Effluvium: This is typically a temporary condition that resolves over time but it can cause hair to fall out in handfuls. It’s a condition whereby the hair is forced into the shedding stage. There are many reasons why this can occur, and it’s also part of the natural hair growth cycle.
- Anagen Effluvium: This causes rapid hair loss during the growth (anagen) stage of the hair growth cycle. It mainly affects the scalp but this hair loss can occur anywhere on the body. The main causes are chemotherapy, radiation, fungal infections, and autoimmune diseases.
- Pregnancy: Some women may experience hair loss soon after childbirth. This is mainly because of the increase in estrogen levels but also because of the shock caused to your body.
- Genetics: Male or female pattern baldness (otherwise known as androgenetic alopecia) can occur at any age. It usually appears after puberty and many women also experience it after menopause. It’s predominantly affected by hormones and is caused by an increase in Dihydrotestosterone (DHT).
- Traction alopecia: Tight hairstyles put excessive tension on your hair strands which cause hair thinning because the strands break or come loose.
Hairstyles that commonly cause this include:
- Tight ponytails
- Poor haircare: Bad hair maintenance can cause hair breakage and excessive hair loss. You need to carefully treat your hair with nourishing oils, hair masks and get regular hair cuts. If you neglect your hair’s health split ends, and dry hair can worsen and cause extensive hair damage.
Furthermore, the use of hot styling tools such as curling irons and straighteners can cause substantial damage. For example some medications have a side effect that causes hair loss. Examples of these mediations include:
- Blood-thinning medication such as Warfarin
- Accutane that treats acne
- Antidepression medication including Prozac and Zoloft
- Heart mediations including beta-blockers
- Cholesterol-lowering drugs such as Lopid
How can I stop my hair fall and grow new hair?
Identifying why you’re losing hair is the key to stopping your hair fall. Once you’re aware of the causes you can make changes to counteract the cause. For example, if your alopecia is a result of poor diet or poor hair care then you should work to improve them.
The most effective way to restore your hair fall is with a hair transplant. Hair transplants can create a full head of hair in just one sitting – depending on the extent of your hair loss.
Sometimes a “top-up” procedure is needed if your hair loss is severe, as it’s only possible to transplant a certain number of grafts in one sitting. Therefore occasionally you may need more than one appointment, but this will be made clear to you during the consultation stage. From a hair transplant, you can grow new hair in the areas that were previously balding.
Which food can stop hair fall?
So let’s focus on how you can improve your diet to stop hair fall and grow new and stronger hair.
Your body will always prioritise its most vital organs before your hair. Therefore it’s important to consume plenty of the right nutrients to promote healthy hair growth. Some of the most important nutrients include protein, iron, omega 3, biotin and vitamin E.
Some of the main foods that stop hair fall and improve hair growth include:
- Sweet potatoes
- Whole grains
One main rule is to avoid processed foods at all costs. Processed foods are incredibly low in nutrients that are needed to promote hair growth. Whereas vegetables and lean meats are packed full of valuable benefits.
Does drinking water reduce hair fall?
Water is one of the most important things we can consume for our body’s health and good function. Drinking between 2-3 litres of water per day is recommended for you to grow healthy hair.
Much like how a plant needs water to grow, so does hair. Water supports vitamins within your body which, as we know, improves hair growth. Therefore, dehydration immediately halts growth. Our hair needs moisture to grow effectively so a lack of water in our diets has a huge impact on the health of our hair.
Sometimes hair fall is completely normal as it can be part of our natural hair growth cycle. However, there are different types of hair loss, some more severe than others, that need immediate treatment.
Common causes of hair loss include alopecia areata, hormone imbalances and poor nutrition. Hormones play a major role when it comes to hair fall, in fact, it’s the most common reason why we experience male pattern baldness and female pattern hair loss. Just like looking after a plant, providing your hair with a nutrient-rich foundation to grow in is vital for its health.
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