Hair care products have currently become an industry in themselves since a majority of the population has some issue or the other with their tresses, for example, frizzy hair, loss of volume, split ends, delayed hair growth and such. From shampoos, conditioners, styling and colouring products to something as basic as hair oil, the market today has a plethora of options to offer which may leave you baffled as to what products will suit your hair.
For this, you need to first know your hair type so you can formulate a customised hair care plan to follow in your routine.
To know the basics about each hair type, you will first need to know the anatomy of hair. A single hair strand has a hair follicle that rests in your scalp and is the only living tissue in your hair. From this hair follicle, a single hair strand emerges which is made of keratin protein and has an outer cuticle, middle cortex, and inner medullary layer.
With the application of chemical products or heat treatment, the cuticle cells become raised which creates a frizzy appearance to your hair. It also causes your hair to be more susceptible to breakage and therefore increases hair loss.
Hair porosity is another element that determines what you should put into your hair and what you should avoid. Highly porous hair will absorb moisture easily, but it won’t hold it for a long time, unlike less porous hair. Hair can become porous due to cuticle damage, therefore you’ll need leave-in-conditioners to lock in the moisture.
Less porosity implies that the cuticle layer is intact and therefore such hair will need hair products to be put in when the hair is wet, to facilitate absorption. Therefore, the classification of hair is based on the texture and shape of the individual hair shaft.
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There are several categories that determine your hair type. The four basic categories are; straight, wavy, curly and coily, with three subcategories of each. You may find that your hair falls into more than one category but that is perfectly normal.
The ageing of your hair may or may not be in sync with your real age. Excessive heat, chemicals, and styling products, unfortunately, accelerate this process and therefore, your hair may age well before time.
Turning grey is just one of the many results of ageing, changes in hair texture, alopecia and uneven distribution of hair on the scalp are among the others. Your hair will become thinner and after a while the hair follicle may stop the production of hair completely, leading to baldness in both, men and women.
A general rule that applies to all hair types is that you should avoid heat treatments, and allow your hair dry naturally. And you should avoid excessive use of chemicals on your hair. Having a healthy lifestyle and being selective with what you put into your body is important – since a healthy and shiny hair is a sign of overall good health.
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