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How to take good care of your hair

There are several ways on how to take care of your hair to achieve healthy hair results and repair any damage. Home hair care is becoming more popular due to the closure of salons worldwide during the Covid-19 lockdown. In particular, this caused people to have to adapt to new circumstances.

How to take care of your hair depends entirely on the type of hair you have. As an illustration, we will discuss this throughout the article.


  1. What are the different hair types?
  2. How to identify your hair type?
  3. Common hair issues
  4. How to protect your hair from future damage?
  5. How can I take care of my hair at home?
  6. Conclusion

What are the different hair types?

discover the four different hair types and how to care for themAlthough there may be someone with a very similar hair texture to you, we all have different hair types. This is because your hair type is determined by genetics and the curl pattern in your DNA.

In the 1990s, Andre Walker released a ‘Hair Typing System’ that classifies hair according to one of four curl patterns:

  • Type 1: Straight Hair
  • Type 2: Wavy Hair
  • Type 3: Curly Hair
  • Type 4: Coily Hair

Each of the four curl patterns can be split into subcategories based on the tightness or looseness of your curls. To demonstrate, Type 2C, which is the most well-defined waves out of 2A and 2B.

According to Healthline, your hair type is primarily based on your hair’s curl, so it’s determined by your hair follicle. The shape of your follicle determines what curl type your hair will be classified as. Therefore, the more oval or asymmetrical your strand is, the curlier your hair will be.

How to identify your hair type?

It is essential to identify and understand what hair type you have in order to figure out how to take care of your hair in the best way possible. According to the world leader in customisable beauty, Function of beauty. Therefore, if you are unsure about which category your hair falls into, you should follow these steps:

  1. Leave your hair free of products
  2. Let your hair air-dry the next time you wash your hair

If your hair dries without a bend or curl, then your hair is Type 1: Straight hair. If it dries with a slight curve or “S” shape, it is considered Type 2: Wavy hair. If it dries with a defined curl or loop pattern, it’s likely Type 3 : Curly hair, while tight curls, spirals, or zig-zag patterns are considered Type 4: Coily hair.

Common hair issues

We can all suffer from the same hair issues no matter our hair type. However, the severity of this hair issue and the treatment options may vary depending on your specific hair type.

Some of the most common hair issues that we all suffer from include:

  • Dry hair
  • Excess oil in hair
  • Increased hair breakage
  • Noticeable split ends
  • Frizzy hair
  • Lack of natural shine and volume
  • Heat damaged hair
  • Colour damaged hair
  • Dandruff
  • Dull hair

How our hair deals with common hair issues is entirely dependent on your natural hair type. For instance, dry hair is more likely to affect someone with Type 4 hair rather than Type 1 more negatively.

Coily hair tends to have a stronger hair cuticle which requires more moisture to hydrate the hair. So if natural oils are not applied often, your hair will likely become dryer quick than someone with Type 1 hair.

This fits hand in hand with those who suffer from excess oil in their hair. Generally, this is likely to affect someone with Type 1 hair more negatively as opposed to someone with Type 4.

According to Marie Claire, “individuals with fine hair have more hairs per square centimetre – and each hair has a sebaceous (oil) gland attached to it. As a result, the scalp produces more oils,” which explains why those with Type 1 hair suffer from oily hair more often.

How to protect your hair from future damage?

Implementing a hair care routine that suits your specific hair type is key to protecting your hair from future damage. This can be achieved by:

  1. Using the right hair care products to protect your hair from future damage by choosing shampoos and conditioners made for your unique hair type. Although shampoos are good for removing dirt, some are known to strip away your hair’s natural oils to reduce oiliness. To explain, this is not ideal for Type 4 hair! In this case, shampoo’s containing oils will be best for those with dry hair and oil-control shampoos for those with oily hair.
  2. Limiting the amount of heat styling on your hair. Since air drying hair rather than using a blow dryer protects your hair from heat damage. To emphasise, blow drying your hair is one of the easiest ways to damage all types of hair.
  3. When you dry your hair, avoid towel-drying. Since this can cause damage to your hair due to the rubbing motion damaging your hair cuticles. Instead, try using a cotton t-shirt to pat your hair dry and sleep on a silk pillowcase.
  4. Trimming your hair every 6-8 weeks in order to get rid of split ends in order to avoid the hair continuing to split further up the hair strand towards the roots.

How can I take care of my hair at home?

If you don’t take care of your hair it can lead to several hair issuesIf you don’t take care of your hair, it can lead to several hair issues. Damaged hair can be treated within the comfort of your own home with a few simple changes made to your hair routine.

With the correct products for your specific hair type and the proper techniques, you can take care of your hair at home. According to SkinKraft Laboratories, the top tips on how to take care of your hair at home includes:

  1. Washing your hair regularly if you have dry hair. Furthermore, it is best to limit your washing to twice a week. Whereas if you have oily hair, wash your hair on alternate days can significantly help.
  2. Apply conditioner to the hair tips rather than the scalp to give complete coverage protection of hair. Afterwards, rinse your hair with cold water. Them wait until your hair is dry before using a wide toothed comb to comb your hair. This is in order to prevent damage, as wet hair is extremely fragile.
  3. Drink more water to ensure good hair health
  4. Eat healthy by implementing a balanced diet into your lifestyle by increasing your Vitamins, Iron, Zinc, and Protein intake. In short, you should eat foods such as spinach, egg yolks, salmon, avocados, and citrus foods.
  5. Try to avoid tight hairstyles and use fabric hair ties instead of plastic to avoid pulling.

Products you should purchase to take care of your hair at home:

  1. Black Seed Oil can help to maintain scalp health by keeping the scalp moisturised. This can rehydrate your hair, which can reduce issues such as dandruff and is also best to promote hair growth.
  2. Coconut Oil or Olive Oil will restore the moisture required to repair damaged hair leaving you moisturised and shiny. It also helps to improve blood circulation on the scalp to help relax your muscles.
  3. Hair masks can help to reverse any hair issues that have caused damage to your hair. Hair masks work further inside the hair cuticle from the root to the tip, therefore they help to nourish each hair follicle. Transforming your hair from dry, damaged, or frizzy hair to improving your scalp’s health and boost your hair’s strength.
  4. Deep Conditioning Treatments with the right ingredients will reduce the chance of a dry scalp. Keeping your scalp moisturised and hydrated is one of the most significant factors for ensuring your hair maintains its strength.
  5. Keratin treatments can help smooth hair, remove frizz and give a shiny finish.
  6. Hair serums can help your overall hair health and reduce frizz and additionally add shine to your hair.
  7. A Shampoo and Conditioner specifically targeted at your hair type and any hair issues you may be attempting to tackle.


Therefore learning how to take care of your hair in the comfort of your own home is easy. Since retailers have introduced a broader range of hair products targeted at specific hair types, it is easier to take care of your hair at home without the need to visit a salon.

With the correct products and techniques, you can have salon-worthy hair results in the comfort of your own home for half the price.

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