The problem of hair loss literally overwhelmed the world of the 21st century – today every third inhabitant of the planet at the age of 18 years periodically or regularly faces this scourge. Particularly hard to tolerate the “hair fall” of the fair gender, because, for a long time, beautiful tresses were considered the main ornament of a woman. And merciless media now and then propagandize the cult of “glossy beauty”, driving the “victims” into depression and provoking psychoses, which, in turn, increases the loss.
How to break a vicious circle and restore your hair? First of all, it is necessary to pass tests that will help establish the cause of hair loss. What kind? Let’s start in order.
Causes of hair loss
The cause of alopecia can be hormonal restructuring, caused by natural processes (pregnancy, lactation, menopause) or disruption of somebody systems, for example, can bring the thyroid gland.
Other “culprits” include:
- stress or sluggish prolonged depression;
- taking medications provoking weakening of hair follicles;
- harmful working conditions (work in production, with chemical or medical products, in a coal mine, etc.);
- bad ecology – air pollution, harmful emissions into the atmosphere, lack of proper level of greening the city;
- rigid diet, unbalanced diet, etc.
- This delicate issue should not rely on “old wives’ advice and experience of someone’s girlfriend – hair loss can be caused by completely different reasons, so the treatment should be appointed on the basis of analyzes.
How to start the examination?
To begin, it is important to understand whether or not to talk about such serious illnesses as alopecia, or you go too far and too worried because of a pair of three fallen hairs.
When to visit a doctor?
An experienced specialist will conduct a survey of the patient, ask clarifying questions about the nature and duration of hair loss, will study the anamnesis based on the conversation. Be sure to tell the trichologist about the nature of work and working conditions, as much as possible to describe in as much detail your diet, sleep patterns, habits.
Further, the trichologist should conduct an examination of the head and visually assess the condition of the hair and skin. Today in all major clinics there is an opportunity to make a Trichogramma. For this purpose, a special device is used, which makes it possible to estimate the thickness of the hair by 1 cm2 of skin, the thickness of the hairs at different sites, and the level of activity of the sebaceous glands.
Based on the picture, the doctor will prescribe tests to determine the cause of hair loss, appointments may differ significantly for women and for men. Also, the specialist can send for consultation to a gynecologist, endocrinologist, neurologist or gastroenterologist.
Why hair falls off?
Iron deficiency anemia is one of the most common causes of hair loss. A general blood test allows you to determine the level of hemoglobin in the blood, on the basis of which you can draw conclusions about the presence of anemia.
A very important indicator is the level of leukocytes. Exceeding the upper limit of the norm is a marker of the internal inflammatory process. So, the problem can concern the reproductive organs or the gastrointestinal tract.
Biochemical analysis can reveal abnormalities of the liver and kidneys, establish a lack of calcium, magnesium, and iron, which can cause hair loss.
The results of the analysis of thyroid hormones are extremely important because of not only the condition of the hair and scalp depends on their level, but also the health in general. The main hormones of the thyroid gland: TSH (thyrotropin), T3 (triiodothyronine), T4 (thyroxine).