Hair loss

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Hair loss and causes

A loss of sixty to a hundred hairs per day is considered normal and individual. Anything beyond that number is considered to be a heightened hair loss and points to a problem that needs to be solved. The hair follicle is constantly renewed and has many functions, and the most important is the protection and sensation. In humans of all races, hair is one of the most important sociological and psychological characteristics.

How does hair grow?

Hair grows in its cycles: anagen 2-6 years, telogen 2-3 months, catagen (hair loss phase). In the anagen phase, ie growth phase, 80 to 90% of the hair root should be present in the catenary cycle (hair loss period) about 1%.

What leads to hair thinning?

There are a number of conditions that are related to hair thinning. In the first place, it is a completely natural process of hair loss after birth. When a woman is in a second condition, she has a high level of progesterone and hair that would normally fall off in the so-called telogenic phase of all 9 months of pregnancy. After the birth, there is a sudden drop in female hormones in the body and massive hair loss. Some women may even come to baldness in certain parts of the head. This process is completely reversible.

About 20% of the population experiences seasonal hair loss, most commonly during September and October. In people with iron deficiency, the hair becomes highly elastic and flattened. After substitution, the volume of hair is completely restored.

Unfortunately, today they are a popular rigorous child, even in very young girls, who are a great stress for the body. Most often there is a significant deficit of protein, and the loss of hair that arises, for this reason, is most often irreversible (irreversible). Also, the lack of vitamins from Group B and Zinc can lead to similar problems. During significant weight loss, menstrual cycle disorders can occur. After that, hair loss and the appearance of increased malnutrition on the face will follow. Also, in women who have polycystic ovarian syndrome and excess of androgenic hormones, the so-called androgenic alopecia occurs – hair coloration by the male type. The hair of the hair is weaker, and the darkness is covered in the forehead. If a patient commits the patient in a timely manner and commences therapy, the process can be stopped and partly improved.

Diseases of the thyroid gland, accompanied by a deficiency or excess of the hormone, cause dry, brittle and sparse hair. Great stress, regardless of whether it is emotional stress or severe illness followed by high temperature, it will cause the hair growth phase to stop and after 3 months it starts to fall out.

Also, there is a spectrum of drugs, including cytostatics, which lead to temporary baldness.

Chemicals that treat hair should not significantly affect hair loss. The exception is the allergy or improper use of acids. If the hair is washed daily using mild shampoos (for everyday use), we will not contribute to the decline. Hard hair tying, rough long-term combing can mechanically damage the root and lead to decline. In very serious conditions such as carcinoma or systemic autoimmune disease, hair loss can be one of the first signs of illness. During the lifetime, the number of follicles that we have on the head is reduced. Women who have genetically predisposed menopausal lesions cause hair loss.

How to prevent hair loss?

It is necessary to contact a dermatologist if you notice hair on the head. With proper therapy, the process can be stopped, and the remaining root of the hair becomes stronger. Hormones, vitamins, minerals, iron can be used in the therapy. Sometimes it is necessary to treat the underlying disease. There is a range of shampoos and lotions that can be used. Unfortunately, shampoos are less effective and do not constitute official medical therapy. Minoxidil 2% and 5% lotion is a medical agent that can treat androgen alopecia.

On the basis of examination, the doctor can determine which type of hair loss is done and to which cause.


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