Although it is a problem that occurs more frequently in men, the loss or thinning of hair can also occur in women and children. It is normal that each day between 20 and 100 hair fall (in autumn to 200), although they are replaced naturally. It is part of the process of regeneration of tissues that occurs throughout the body and, in fact, the hair is usually renewed in its entirety every six months.
The problem arises when all the hair that falls is not replaced, in such a way that it becomes less dense, gradually exposing the skin of the scalp, generating the appearance of entrances (temples or pate) and even causing baldness. (Total hair loss in certain areas).
The loss or thinning of the hair can be a temporary process, but also continuous or recurrent. And it can occur suddenly or slowly, almost imperceptibly. The important thing is to take into account that in many cases it can be a symptom of the existence of specific diseases, so you should always consult a specialist and specifically when the fall occurs drastically.
Here are some of the most common signs and symptoms that could indicate a problem with thinning hair:
- An increase in the number of hairs that fall every day.
- Changes in hair quality, which is thinner than before.
- Loss of volume
- Some areas reveal the skin.
- Prominent entries, especially at the temples, which makes the forehead look wider.
Causes of hair loss or thinning
There are numerous factors that can predispose to hair loss or thinning:
- Genetics: especially in men, baldness can be a hereditary problem.
- Aging: age usually involves a gradual loss or thinning of the hair by multiple factors: diseases, hormonal changes in women, use of certain medications, poor diet, etc.
- Stress: One of the signs of excessive stress may be unusual hair loss.
- Bacterial or fungal infections: this type of infections can cause scalp skin dryness, scaling, and loss or thin of the hair.
- Hormonal changes: it is one of the most common causes of alopecia in women, especially after menopause.
- Certain diseases: Hair loss can be a symptom of certain diseases, such as lupus erythematosus or diabetes.
- The use of some medications: hair loss is usually associated with chemotherapy used in the treatment of cancer, although once finished the hair comes back out. However, there are other medications that can cause thinning of the hair: cortisone, drugs indicated for the treatment of high blood pressure, anticoagulants (heparin), cholesterol regulators (lipid-lowering drugs), tricyclic antidepressants, etc.
- Poor feeding: hair thinning can be the first sign of a nutrient-deficient diet, such as a lack of iron and the absence or shortage of proteins or certain vitamins.
Treatment of hair loss or thinning
Pharmacological treatments: currently there are specific drugs for hair loss in men, such as 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors, which act by reducing the presence of dihydrotestosterone in the blood, which is responsible for the hair follicles weaken and hair fall out.
Other oral treatments: there are multiple nutritional supplements indicated to stop or prevent the loss or thinning of hair: biotin, folic acid, vitamin B12, cistern, zinc, brewer’s yeast. linoleic acid, Omega-6 fatty acid, etc.